Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

(1770–1831)
   Philosopher.
   Hegel was born in Stuttgart, Germany, and was educated at the University of Tübingen. As a tutor in Switzerland, he wrote a life of Jesus Christ whom he saw as one who transcended both virtue and vice. He settled in Jena in 1801 and he collaborated with schelling in producing the Kritische Journal der Philosophie. In 1806 he was forced to move and, after a spell as headmaster of a school in Bavaria and a period teaching in Heidelberg University, he was appointed Professor of Philosophy at the University of Berlin in 1818 in succession to Johann fichte. Friedrich schleiermacher was Dean of the theological faculty at the same time and Hegel made no secret of his disapproval of his stress on the role of feeling in religion. Hegel’s works include Wissenschaft der Logik, Die Encyclopadie der Philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse and his Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts. He taught that both realism and subjective idealism were inherently contradictory and he argued that true knowledge of the spirit of ultimate reality was derived only through a dialectical process of thesis, antithesis and synthesis. Truth lay not in individual facts or a single discipline, but in the whole dialectical evolution of the spirit. His system has been described as ‘absolute idealism’ and has been profoundly influential both on social philosophers such as Karl marx, on spiritual idealists like T.H. green and on radical biblical critics such as D.F. Strauss.
   B. Cullen (ed.), Hegel Today (1988);
   P. Singer, Hegel (1983);
   P. Hodgson, Hegel (1988).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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